Submitted by: Steven Guptha
Hypopigmentation is a decrease in normal skin, hair, mucous membrane, or nail color resulting from deficiency, absence, or abnormal degradation of the pigment melanin.
This sign may be congenital or acquired, asymptomatic or associated with other findings. Its causes include genetic disorders, nutritional deficiency, chemicals and drugs, inflammation, infection, and physical trauma.
Causes of hypopigmentation: Albinism:This genetically inherited disease involves alterations of the melanin pigment system that affects skin, hair, and eyes. There are various forms of albinism, all of which are present at birth. Skin and hair color vary from snow white to brown, but the universal finding of iris translucency confirms the diagnosis. Associated eye findings include nystagmus, decreased visual acuity, decreased pigmentation of the retina, and strabismus.
Burns: Thermal and radiation burns can cause transient or permanent hypopigmentation. Inflammatory and infectious disorders: Skin disorders, such as psoriasis, and infectious disorders, such as viral exanthemas or syphilis, can cause transient or permanent hypopigmentation. Tinea versicolor:
This benign fungal skin infection produces scaly, sharply defined lesions that usually appear on the upper trunk, neck, and arms. The lesions range from hypopigmented patches in dark-skinned patients to hyperpigmented patches in fair-skinned patients.
Tuberculoid leprosy: This chronic disorder affects the skin and peripheral nervous system. Erythematous or hypopigmented macules have decreased or absent sensation for light, touch, and warmth. Associated effects may include very painful, palpable peripheral nerves; muscle atrophy and contractures; and ulcers of the fingers and toes.
Vitiligo: This common skin disorder produces sharply defined, flat white macules and patches ranging in diameter from 1 to over 20 cm. The hypopigmented areas commonly have hyperpigmented borders. Usually bilaterally symmetrical, lesions appear on sun-exposed areas; in body folds; around the eyes, nose, mouth, and rectum; and over bony prominences. Patches of vitiligo may coalesce to form universal lack of pigment and may involve the hair, eyebrows, and eyelashes. Spontaneous repigmentation can occur. Hypopigmented patches may surround pigmented moles. Drugs: Topical or intralesional administration of corticosteroids causes hypopigmentation at the treatment site. Chloroquine, an antimalarial drug, may cause depigmentation of hair including eyebrows and lashes and poor tanning 2 to 5 months after therapy begins. Investigations: “Skin lesion examination -Routine hematological examination -Blood culture for drugs Management:
1. Advise patients to use corrective cosmetics to help hide skin lesions, and to use a sunblock because hypopigmented areas may sunburn easily.
2. Encourage regular examinations for early detection and treatment of lesions that may become premalignant or malignant.
3. Advise patients with associated eye problems, such as albinism, to avoid the midday sun and to wear sunglasses.
4. Refer patients for counseling if lesions cause stress.
Arsenicum : This is the most homoeopathic of all remedies to this disease. Both the disease and drug have nerve depression, gastric irritation, general debility, feeble heart action and tendency to vomit. The skin symptoms have also a curious similarity; both the burning and the discoloration have been found in several cases of poisoning by Arsenic.
Hydrocotyle: Great dryness and desquamation of the epidermis. Hyppigmented skin lesions with severe itching Its special field is in psoriasis
Berberis aquifolia: Scaly pustular eruptions on the face. It is one of the most reliable remedies in the cure of psoriasis.
Oleander: Skin eruptions with gastro-energetic troubles; the skin is very sensitive, slight friction causes chafing and soreness, especially about the neck, scrotum and thighs.
There is great itching; scartching relieves at first but the parts become very sore. It will be all the more strongly indicated if gastro-enteric symptoms be present.
Viloa tricolor: In this remedy the skin is pale in patches and there is severe irritation at the affected sites It has crusts with a copious exudation and it is accompanied with offensive urine.
Hypopigmented patches or spots on the skin. Herpetic conditions about the knees and ankles,in the bends of joints and behind the ears, at first dry, it becomes moist and discharges copiously.
Yellow spots, liver spots; urticaria worse from warmth of bed.
Sulphur: The great characteristic of this remedy is the aggravation from washing; this, with scratching, makes the parts burn intensely.
The skin is rough, coarse and measly, and there is much soreness in the folds of the skin and a tendency to pustular eruptions.
Dryness and heat of scalp, with intense itching, especially at night, and scratching causes soreness; wetting makes it burn.
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Thursday, December 1, 2005
Surgeons in France have performed a face transplant operation on a French woman who had lost her nose, lips and chin after being savaged by a dog. According to Iain Hutchison, an oral-facial surgeon at Barts and the London Hospital, the transplant is the first one to use skin from another person.
Doctors say the woman’s new face will be a “hybrid” between her donor’s face and her own face before the attack. In the five hour long operation, the donor’s tissues, muscles, arteries and veins were attached to the patient’s lower face. It is more favourable to use skin from another person’s face instead of skin from another part of the patient’s body, as the texture and colour of the skin are more likely to match.
A statement released by the hospital in Amiens said that the 38-year-old patient, who wishes to remain anonymous, has not been able to eat or speak properly since the attack in May this year. The woman was reportedly in “excellent general health” and her graft looked normal.
Ethical concerns, psychological impact, concerns relating to immunosuppression and consequences of technical failure have prevented teams from performing face transplant operations in the past, even though it has been technically possible to carry out such procedures for years.
Mr Hutchison warned of several problems with face transplants, such as blood vessels in the donated tissue clotting and immunosuppressants failing or increasing the patient’s risk of cancer. He also pointed out ethical issues with the fact that the procedure requires a “beating heart donor”. The transplant is carried out while the donor is brain dead, but still alive by use of a ventilator.
According to Stephen Wigmore, chair of British Transplantation Society’s ethics committee, it is unknown to what extent facial expressions will function in the long term. He said that it is not certain whether a patient could be left worse off in the case of a face transplant failing.
Mr Michael Earley, a member of the Royal College of Surgeon’s facial transplantation working party, commented that if successful, the transplant would be “a major breakthrough in facial reconstruction” and “a major step forward for the facially disfigured.”
Tuesday, June 5, 2012
The following is the seventh in a monthly series chronicling the U.S. 2012 presidential election. It features original material compiled throughout the previous month after a brief mention of some of the month’s biggest stories.
In this month’s edition on the campaign trail, the leading candidates for the Americans Elect presidential nomination respond to a major announcement from that organization’s board of directors, two presidential candidates in favor of same-sex marriage react to President Barack Obama’s announcement of support for the practice, and Wikinews interviews the newly-selected Libertarian Party vice presidential nominee.
- 1 Summary
- 2 Americans Elect makes major decision; leading candidates respond
- 3 Two candidates react to President Obama’s same-sex marriage backing
- 4 The Libertarian Party’s newly-christened VP nominee discusses his role
- 5 Related news
- 6 Sources
Thursday, August 21, 2008
United States congresswoman Stephanie Tubbs Jones, representing Cleveland, Ohio died on August 20, 2008 following a brain aneurysm.
Jones was observed by police driving erratically on the evening of August 19, 2008. When police approached her car, they found her unresponsive. She was rushed to Huron Hospital in East Cleveland, where she remained overnight. She never regained consciousness. Jones died the following day, at 6:12pm EDT (UTC-4).
Stephanie Tubbs Jones leaves behind a son, Mervyn Leroy Jones II. Her husband of 27 years died in 2003.
Senator Barack Obama issued a statement: “Michelle and I are saddened to hear today’s news about Rep. Stephanie Tubbs Jones. She is a passionate and tireless advocate for the people of Cleveland and a devoted public servant for all Americans. We send our heartfelt prayers to Stephanie and her family at this very difficult time.”
The mayor of Cleveland released the following statement prior to Jones’ passing: “My thoughts and prayers are with Stephanie and her family. I have known the Congresswoman for my entire political career and for several years prior to taking public office. She has supported me professionally and has been a loyal friend. As a public servant, she has stood firm with, and for, so many of us and I am asking everyone to take a moment to pray that she makes a full recovery.”
From 1991 to 1999, she was the prosecutor in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. She was both the first female and the first African American to hold this office.
Jones had served in the United States House of Representatives since 1999 and was currently the co-chair of the Democratic National Committee. She was the first African American woman to be elected to Congress from Ohio.
Submitted by: Janet West
Bath in the tub or shower. This is the sexiest dating concepts. When you bathroom with each other, you can put your creative side in this activity with putting aromatic candles around and also in the bathtub along with climbed petals as well as sexy music to complete your attractive and sensuous day suggestion.
Bonding with nature. This kind of task is really healthy and balance for the couple due to the fact that this task will include strolling, taking a breath fresh air and also relieves stress and anxiety. This is also extremely affordable because the majority of the parks or picnic areas are cost-free, you simply need to bring food as well as drinks for the both of you. At the end of your date, you have to shock your sweetheart or spouse with something special such as locket, bracelets; nonetheless, love letters would certainly be much valued.
Have an outfit celebration or supper. In this task, both of you can be innovative and need to think out of the box. For this task, you can perform duty playing in character in addition to dressing up with your costumes making it extra reasonable. In choosing your outfits, both of you must reveal your innovative and also naughty sides also.
In order for both of you to prevent that sensation, you could create seductive dating ideas which can be a great aid in improving your relationship. Candlelight supper or going to the films are simply couple of instances of the most usual dating activities of couple as well as for those who are in the dating phase. This write-up talks about the 8 most sexy dating concepts which can help eliminate potential dullness in a connection.
Whether you remain in a relationship or in a dating phase, you need to understand the value of sexy dating which has terrific effect on keeping and even establishing a relationship. As soon as you are in a connection, your major emphasis is to prevent the monotony in the relationship. When you are currently in a long-term partnership, you cannot prevent the fact that there will always silent moments in your relationship. Other than being dull, there are moments when both of you can feel that your activities are in routine.
Going on a vacation. Is in this a getaway with your special someone? This is one of the best sexy day concepts because while on vacation both of you can have time to loosen up and also to delight in each other’s company. Additionally, throughout holiday both of you could discover new things together and can have intimate moments.
Go discover attractive dance. Among one of the most sensuous activity pairs might attempt is dancing. The task can boost your state of mind in seduction as well as at some point in having sex. Other than being sensuous, dancing is also a good form of workout, so the much more you dance the much healthier you come to be.
Reviewing a spicy love story article, book or publication together. Since we are chatting sexy activities right here, this is thought about as one of the most sexy ideas. While you read the guidebook together with your relationship part, you could likewise try various positions as recommended in the book.
Send a sensuous massage to your relationship partner. When you are seeking to make a love connection with your mate, sending thoughtful massages are wonderful ways to ignite passionate feelings. Love notes can help to soothe stress and anxiety as well as establish you in a state of mind for making love. Do this while watching a movie right at home, or even on your way home from work.
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Wednesday, June 25, 2008
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) conference, held in Canberra, Australia, received mixed messages on Tuesday about the health of Australians. While average life expectancy is 81.4 years, second only to Japan’s 82.2, and rates of cancer, heart disease and stroke are dropping, incidence of obesity, alcohol-related diseases, and sexually transmitted infections are on the increase.
The AIHW report highlighted the increasing gap between Australia’s Indigenous population and the rest of the nation. Australian Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders have a life expectancy around 17 years lower than the general populace, and in at least four states 71% of Aboriginals who died were under 65-years old, compared with 21% for the rest of the population. Indigenous Australians are reported to have higher rates of obesity, diabetes, respiratory illness, teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. People living in rural and regional areas were also found to have lower life expectancies and higher illness rates than their suburban and metropolitan counterparts.
While obesity is a growing concern in Australia, AIHW director Penny Allbon expressed skepticism over a recent report from the Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute that claimed that Australia had overtaken the United States as the “fattest” nation in the world, with “over four million adult Australians […] currently obese”. Allben commented that the institute’s sample from 100 locations across the country may not be representative of the whole population. “At the moment the ABS [Australian Bureau of Statistics] is out there measuring height and weight in a population-based survey, so we don’t know the results,” Dr Allbon said. “We were just a bit concerned that the statistics that came out about us being the fattest in the world is not based on a population survey.” AIHW reported the number of Australians being obese as closer to 2.5 million, with 7.4 million being overweight.
Between 1997 and 2005, the number of general practitioners in Australia has dropped 9%, although in regional areas there has been an increase of 15%.
Based on the report, the AIHW has recommended that Australians consider lifestyle change, such as healthier eating and more exercise, to alleviate the pressure on Australia’s public health system. “In rank order, the greatest improvements can be achieved through reductions in tobacco smoking, high blood pressure, overweight/obesity, physical inactivity, high blood cholesterol and excessive alcohol consumption,” according to Dr. Allbon.
This is the category for music. See also the Music Portal.
Refresh this list to see the latest articles.
- 15 February 2017: Adele and David Bowie each win five Grammys
- 29 January 2017: Black Sabbath ex-keyboardist Geoff Nicholls dies
- 28 December 2016: British singer George Michael, 53, dies
- 26 December 2016: Plane carrying 92 crashes into Black Sea near Sochi
- 24 December 2016: Austrian cellist, conductor Heinrich Schiff dies
- 13 December 2016: Macedonia’s ‘gypsy music queen’ Esma Redžepova dies
- 20 October 2016: Nobel Prize in Literature Committee abandons efforts to contact Bob Dylan
- 11 June 2016: Lawsuit filed against Ed Sheeran for his single Photograph
- 22 April 2016: Musician Prince dies aged 57
- 18 February 2016: Taylor Swift’s 1989 wins Grammy’s Record of the year; Bad Blood wins the Best Music Video
- see older articles?Category:Music
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Monday, September 22, 2008
Almost 13,000 children in China have fallen sick in a wave of sickness caused by baby’s milk contaminated with melamine, a banned chemical which can cause kidney stones, irritation, and ulcers. Most of the sickened children are infants two years or younger, and four children have died from the chemical so far.
The Chinese Health Ministry has stated that most of the tainted milk was produced by Shijiazhuang Sanlu Group Co.’s infant milk powder and have pulled several dairy products off the shelves of Chinese stores. Sanlu, Mengniu and Yili were among the largest brands recalled, and have been attempting to repair their damaged public image. Yili announced that it would be reviewing its manufacturing process and making necessary safety changes. Yang Wenjun, president of Mengniu, apologized for the contamination and promised to make changes as well. Sanlu, meanwhile, has stopped production and is checking all products.
The Ministry is conducting an investigation into why the number of illnesses doubled Saturday. Ten percent of yogurt, milk and ice cream is also contaminated, however adults will not be affected if they drink less than two litres a day of the contaminated products.
Melamine is an industrial byproduct, infamous for poisoning thousands of pets in the United States in 2007. Investigators believe it was used by desperate dairy companies to disguise diluted milk in dairy products in order to pass quality tests and make higher profits.
Submitted by: Andy Dean
Trees are known to be the Mother Earths ever vigilant towers. They symbolize sturdiness and stamina as they tend to live longer, some even reaching thousand of years. These God great gifts are sure important parts of our lives. They provide us not only with fresh air, but as well help beautify our planet. Trees are indeed inspiring, amazing and beneficial to all humankind, however, there are those times when the trees aren’t a source of inspiration but instead become a source of headaches.
With so many benefits trees can provide, there are a lot of problems that are associated with them, and this is the reason why many people and property owners cut most of them down. There are many reasons why trees get cut down and removed. Here are some of the reasons why trees require attention of a professional and reliable tree removal service in Fairfield, CT and tree cutting service in Wilton.
Dying Trees- Dead or dying trees need to be removed and cut as soon as possible. Aside from the fact that they are attractive, trees like these can be dangerous. Their branches may fall anytime, hurting you or your family or destroying your property. They also become a liability if your trees fall on your neighbor’s property.
Pests & Diseases- Dead trees attract pests and even provide diseases. Pests like termites, rats, mice, and even fungi and other insects nest on a dying tree and can possibly migrate from the tree to your property. The diseased and affected trees are also contagious to other healthy ones so better contact a professional tree service in Fairfield, CT, or in your local area to take your dead tree out so you can prevent pests and diseases from ruining your property and life.
Blemish Your Landscape- Your home beautiful landscape surely adds value to your property. A well maintained landscape and nice curb help your neighborhood and can bring in more cash when it comes time to sell. Having dying and unattractive trees and a tree that is not well pruned and maintained can definitely ruin the look of your property and everything you plan for. You can contact professional landscape contractors in Wilton and landscape services in Fairfield, CTto help you efficiently prune as well as cut that unsightly tree that’s ruining your property landscape.
Aside from these reasons, there are still a lot of things that you need to consider if you were to remove or cut down a tree, which, if ignored, could lead to even bigger problems. Fortunately, there are tree services today that are available in many local areas. The services provided by these tree service companies will help you get rid of all the problems that you have with the trees around your property, and will ensure that you will get to enjoy the benefits and beauty of the trees.
Get the best and reliable tree services today. If you think you need tree services, contact a reliable tree service company today and let them bring back the beauty and add value to your property.
About the Author: For more information, please click the following links; tree removal service Fairfield, CT, landscape contractors Wilton and tree service Fairfield CT, or visit this website,
A compilation of brief news reports for Tuesday, December 22, 2009.
- 1 Man appears in court case involving murder of woman in Glasgow, Scotland
- 2 Man jailed for murder of ex-girlfriend in Lancashire, England
- 3 Two people killed in car crash in East Yorkshire, England
- 4 Man dies after being found unconscious in garden in Western Isles, Scotland